And you thought 2008 was bad
A brief comment on the trash can point: you’re technically right that there are no trash cans and that you have to wait until you reach a business or residence before you discard your trash. In reality, there are 7/11s, Lawsons, and Family Marts every two minutes in a major city, and basically everyone happily pops in and discards their trash - nobody is holding onto a coffee shop for an hour due to a lack of trash cans!
Correct me if I'm wrong, but I read somewhere that without Tokyo and Osaka, Japan's per-capita GDP resembles Romania's. Which would certainly match my experience living in the Japanese countryside for two years.